Skincare 101: A Beginner’s Guide to Essential Products

Good skincare is more than just washing your face. Most of the people might start to feel little lost past moisturizers and exfoliators. There are so many skincare products in the market that it gets difficult to develop the right skincare routine.

If you do not know what is the difference between serum and face oil, and how to use them, then we are to help you. We have provided you with the rundown on all sorts of skincare products to tell you what they are, how to use them properly and what they do.


Dermatologists and aestheticians recommend that you cleanse your face two times every day to get dirt, bacteria and pollutants off your skin. They can clog your pores and cause all kinds of skin problems. Cleansers are used for cleansing your skin. There are several different types of cleansers for different types of skin.

The most common mistakes most people make is that they do not use the right product for their particular skin type. For example, if someone is prone to breakouts, they may use a product with salicylic acid which can have a reverse effect. When skin is dried out, it starts to produce more oil which can trigger acne breakouts.

It is advisable that you consult your dermatologist to choose the best product for your skin type.


Exfoliator is an important part of every skincare routine crucial part but it can also be difficult for the beginners. To use it properly, it is important to know what exfoliators do to use it properly. Exfoliator is a product that is used to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. An exfoliator can either be chemical or physical.

Physical exfoliators remove the dead skin cells on the surface using mechanical force. Whereas, chemical exfoliators like glycolic acid or salicylic acid break and dissolve the glue that holds the dead skin cells together.

When the dead skin cells shed off, it brings out the smooth, youthful and radiant skin underneath. Exfoliants also help clear off the pores and prevent acne breakout and inflammation. Chemical exfoliators are mild acids that kill the harmful bacteria on the skin.

Before choosing an exfoliator for your skincare regimen, it is important you find out your skin type. Facial pads containing salicylic acid work greatly with acne-prone and oily skin. Less often and slow exfoliation is recommended for combination skin. Some exfoliators come with anti-ageing formulas like resveratrol which is perfect for rejuvenating mature skin.

Exfoliation is not usually recommended for dry and sensitive skin as such skin has already exfoliated itself and more exfoliation can be damaging.


Treatment products address only specific skin concerns like acne, hyperpigmentation, dark spots, fine lines and inflammation. Skin treatment products need to be approved by the FDA. They come in the form of gels, creams, lotions, serums, solutions and medicated facial pads.

The type of treatment and its benefits to your skin largely depends on the skin problem you are facing. The most common ingredients in treatments are retinoids like adapalene and tretinoin which are perfect for clearing out wrinkles and fine lines. Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are great for treating acne breakouts, and topical steroids are used to address inflammation and skin allergies. Most of the anti-ageing treatment formulas contain growth factors and vitamin C

Skin condition should be treated as soon as possible before it gets worse and you should continue treating it until the condition resolves. You should pay a visit to a dermatologist if it stays longer than a week.


Serums are rich in antioxidants that help address radical damage to the skin. They also contain retinol and peptides which are powerful anti-ageing ingredients and stimulate collagen production.

Serums penetrate deep into the skin therefore they work great for hydrating dry skin. They are to be used after cleanser for best results, and they are used before moisturizer to heal the skin while sleeping.

Face Oil:

Face oils are filled with nutrients which are used to build a resilient layer for your skin regardless of what the skin type is. They are perfect for hydrating the dry skin. Vitamin E and Argan oil are great for almost every skin issue and type. They are used with a serum or moisturizer; only two or three drops in the serum or a moisturizer are enough. Vitamin C oil works best to treat any scarring and the tea tree oil helps to deal with the acne-prone skin.


Sunscreen is used to protect your skin from the ultraviolet rays coming from the sun. There are several ways to apply sunscreen in addition to the typical bottle. It should be used with a moisturizer in winter. Sunscreen with a higher SPF is crucial for your skin if you spend most of your day outdoors on in the warmer climates.

Sunscreen is also available for different skin styles, therefore, it is better to use the one that suits you. Some sunscreens are oily which may clog pores. Those with acne-prone skin should avoid such sunscreens.


To keep your skin in a tiptop condition, a moisturizer from head to toe is your perfect choice. Apply moisturizer especially on the areas which remain exposed. There are different moisturizers for different skin types. The moisturizers that keep your skin hydrated are those with glycerin or hyaluronic acid.

Chemical Peel:

It is used to remove the outer layer of the skin, meaning they go deeper and remove dead skin cells than exfoliators. Usually, they contain glycolic, lactic, or salicylic acids. It is to be used just once in every two weeks.

You should avoid it if your skin is prone to eczema and rosacea. Chemical peels are intense and strong and should be done by the professionals. However, DIY peels are available in the market to be used at homes. They can be helpful in treating wrinkles, acne scars, hyperpigmentation and sun damage.


It is used after cleanser two times a day. It removes traces of makeup and various other residues from the skin. It shrinks pores and restores the natural pH balance of the skin which is disrupted due to soaps and chemicals in cleansers which cause the skin to overproduce oil. Toners with alcohol should be avoided by people with sensitive skin.

Face Mask:

Face masks are used for hydrating the dry skin and brightening it up. They are beneficial for all skin types. Applying face mask weekly can make a difference; the breakouts will dry up and heal. You can use different masks to clean and exfoliate the skin. Using clearing masks on the chin, forehead, and jawline, and soothing masks on the cheeks is the best practice.

Eye Cream:

It is used to address specific around the eye skin issues such as wrinkles, puffiness and dark circles. Some eye creams tackle multiple skin issues at once. They contain ingredients like antioxidants, caffeine, chamomile, glycerine, hyaluronic acid and peptides.

The skin around the eyes is thinner and more sensitive than the rest of the face and it needs to be cared for differently. Eye creams are designed to penetrate that skin and resolve skin issues. They should be used once or twice a day.

The eye creams with peptides or retinol are great to use before going to bed as they stimulate collagen production.

Wanda Scribner

Wanda Scribner is a co-founder of Divas Hair Care. She is from Houston and has a passion for hairstyling. She knows quite some things about different types of hair and the ways to manage them and make the most suitable hairstyles with them. She has a 19 years old daughter on whom she has implemented the unique hairstyle ideas that come to her mind. She has grown tired with her mom trying new hairstyles on her, but Wanda has not.

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